Lhasa Gonggar Airport is located in Jiazhulin Town, Gonggar County, Shannan Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region, it is located on the south bank of splendid Yarlung Zangbo River, with altitude of 3600 m, runway length of 4000 m, width of 45 m and airport grade of 4E. As one of the Civil Airports with highest altitude in the world, it provides a place for Boeing 747, airbus and other large scale planes to take off and land.
Lhasa Gonggar Airport was built by Lhasa Terminal of Civil Aviation on March 1st, 1965, since then the air route of Beijing-Chengdu-Lhasa has been officially opened to navigation. Currently the domestic destinations are Beijing, Chengdu, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Xi’an, Sining, Kunming, Shangri-La, Qamdo, Hong Kong, etc.
On May 22nd, 2001, during the 50-year anniversary of peaceful liberation of Tibet Autonomous Region, the country invested nearly RMB 0.3 billion Yuan for the commencement of renovation and expansion works of Lhasa Gonggar Airport. After over two years’ construction, the Lhasa Gonggar Airport was officially put into operation on January 1st, 2004. For the newly renovated and expanded Lhasa Gonggar Airport, the parking apron has the capacity to park five A340 or seven Boeing 757 airplanes simultaneously, and the gross area of new and old terminal buildings can reach 25000 m2, which can meet the requirements with passenger throughout of 1.1 million person-time in 2010, and 1300 person-time each hour during peak hour.
The new terminal building of Lhasa Gonggar Airport is one layer of semi reinforced concrete frame structure, and it is equipped with advanced computer management system and humanized service facilities. There are See-off Hall, Check-in Hall, Remote Waiting Hall, Luggage Sorting Area, etc. on the first floor, and Waiting Hall, catering shops, etc. on the second floor. Four sets of boarding bridges are built, of which one is two-channel boarding bridge, and the other three are single channel boarding bridge. The great improvement of hardware facilities creates a solid substantial platform for the development of Lhasa Gonggar Airport, now a garden-like modernized airport has stood erect on the snow-covered plateau, and Tibet Autonomous Region aircraft industry is poised for taking off on the earth summit.
The Civil Aviation Company has civil aviation regular bus to travel to and fro between Lhasa and Lhasa Gonggar Airport, the bus schedule is basically connected with the incoming and leaving flight of the same day. The bus leaves when the seats are almost full, or passengers for one flight are gone, the departure time from Lhasa is relatively stable, and the current price for the regular bus is RMB 27 Yuan. As other airports, Lhasa Gonggar Airport has many taxies for rent, joint rent of several people or individual charter are both allowed, the driver will charge by person or vehicle, generally the price for one taxi is around RMB 200 Yuan. Do not forget to bargain with the driver, and the bargaining extent will depend on your eloquence.
I. Do not be late for the flight: be sure to transact formalities 30 minutes before takeoff. Thus passengers had better arrive at the airport in advance, as the circumstances may require, especially when there are many passengers during golden week, Spring Festival travel, etc. Some airports can be so strict, passengers cannot transact formalities when time is due, so it is generally recommended that passenger shall arrive at airport 2-2.5 h before takeoff.
II. Do not mistake certificates: valid certificates shall be held. If passengers have lost their resident identification card or certificate of officers, officer card, soldier certificate, reentry permit, passport and other valid certificates due to certain reason, they can take the flight with temporary identification certificate issued by the Public Security Organization at place of domicile (photo must be on the certificate). Special attention shall be paid when travelling, the data on the certificate and that registered during application registration must be the same, meanwhile driving license, employee’s card and some other certificates are invalid.
III. Do not bring luggage randomly: fruit knife had better be placed with luggage for consignment, otherwise they will be confiscated, and the possibility is 90%. In addition, small animals cannot be brought on plane, quarantine certificate is required if consignment is done, which is relatively troublesome. Potted plant, flowers and plants can be brought on plane. The voucher for consignment is generally pasted on the air ticket, after arrival and taking out luggage, there will be workers to inspect whether labels on the consignment voucher and luggage are corresponding. Take care not to mistake others’ luggage or miss your own.
IV. Remember the procedure: the following procedures shall be followed after arrival at the airport: 1 Getting boarding card: prepare air ticket and valid identity documents, select corresponding counter according to flight number and destination, pay attention not to get in the wrong line. 2 Safety check: please present your identity documents, air ticket and boarding card when passing the safety check. 3 Waiting: after entering Separation Hall, wait for flight at the boarding area shown on the boarding card, put away identity documents and air ticket, only leave the boarding card for boarding. 4 Boarding: boarding time is generally 20-30 minutes before takeoff, passengers who cannot arrive at the boarding gate 5 minutes before takeoff (for passengers without luggage consignment)/ 10 minutes before takeoff (for passengers with luggage consignment) cannot board.
V. Alleviate the discomfort for flight: 1 Before and after takeoff and landing, the shaking is serious, passengers shall fasten their safety belt and cannot smoke. 2 With the rising of plane, ears will be uncomfortable due to high altitude pressure, chewing gum or eating something to keep activity of mouth, can relieve the feeling of discomfort. 3 Before boarding, do not eat food with excessive cellulose and food which is prone to fermentation and gas production, to avoid abdominal distension and loss of appetite. 4 Do not eat too much. Do not eat food with plenty of fat or high protein, they are not easy for digestion, and will lead to abdominal distension, diarrhea and airsickness. 5 Do not board while hungry. Because during flying, high altitude air temperature and change of air pressure will make human body consume relatively more heat. 6 Eat food with high caloric content, while void in the stomach is easy to get nausea, so before boarding, highly digestible and nutritious food shall be had.
VI. The altitude stress when entering Tibet Autonomous Region by plane is much more severe than that when entering Tibet Autonomous Region by land, and both ways have their own advantages and disadvantages. When entering Tibet Autonomous Region by plane, the altitude is suddenly raised from several hundred meters to over 3000 meters, there is no gradually adaptive process from low to high altitude, and the altitude stress is easy to occur. But it cannot be illustrated that entering Tibet Autonomous Region by land is a better way than by plane. When entering Tibet Autonomous Region by land, the altitude will be raised gradually, although it is in favor of adapting to altitude stress, most routes for entering Tibet Autonomous Region are having bad road conditions. For Xin-Zang Highway and Qingzang-Tibet Highway, several mountains with altitude of over 5000 m shall be passed during the journey, and there is no hospital or emergency medical facility along the road. For Yunnan-Tibet Highway and Sichun-Tibet Highway, the road conditions are extremely bad, collapse and debris flow during rainy seasons are frequent, and danger is easily to occur. If you are not independent tourist, and have no outdoors travelling experience, then you will be recommended to enter Tibet Autonomous Region by plane. If you love budget travelling, but have no outdoors travelling experience, then you will be recommended to enter Tibet Autonomous Region by Qingzang-Tibet Highway, because that is relatively safer.
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